Posts Tagged ‘British Banking Association’

New Lending Code 4:mental health, third parties

November 11, 2009
175. Where it is appropriate and with a customer’s consent, subscribers should work with advice agencies and health and social care professionals in a joined-up way to exchange information and ensure an effective dialogue. [Reproduced with the kind permission of the British Banking Association -see link below]

Many creditors, and some debt collectors, may well prefer to work with representative agencies. Always much easier to work to a routine and have someone else work out the details, and do all the questioning and examining.

Especially if that intermediary, that third party, because of its own pressures, needs to pigeonhole and classify elements of the debtors finances and problems.

Often this is presented as a requirement. To my mind this is disgraceful, and a breach of the terms under the defunct Banking Code, the new Lending Code and under the Consumer Protection Regulations.

Of course this third party representation can work sometimes for the debtor. But many cases have unique elements that are quite difficult to satisfactorily understand, let alone resolve.

For that reason among many others, such as the individual’s rights in a democracy, it is important that the right to represent oneself is again emphasised.

By implication the institutions are told that they are dealing with an individual, and that individual will decide whether to use an intermediary or not.

Notice also the reference to a ‘joined up way’ and ‘effective dialogue’. One hopes this is more effective that Tony Blair’s joined up government. But putting that humour aside, it does mean that the obligation is on the creditor to ensure proper collection of information and making inclusive judgement after all the to and fro discussion.

Creditors are also, by implication, required to inform themselves on mental health issues. This is why a specialist department for the vulnerable cases is not just a good idea, but sound practice. The creation of such departments should be treated both as a matter of urgency, and enforced by the OFT.

Joseph Harris, Debt Control Man

Author: Control Your Debt Crisis on Your Own Terms

The new Lending Code is here

The MALG 2007 submission to the review of the code is here

And the Treasury Select committee view is here


How Will the New Lending Code take effect?

November 9, 2009

One can probably trace the genesis of the new Lending Code, from FSA bombshell about taking over the Banking Code, to realising parts belonged under the OFT, to realising that means rewrites, to thinking the best people to write it would be the current possessors, to conveying that information and then to actually confirming.

Only after that could the British Banking Association deal with the severe truncation of its code and the Lending Standards Board, as the prior Banking Code Standards Board is now known, start reorganising.

It was a severe disappoinment to me that he result of this meant the code was not ready for examination and comment long before it came into effect. Indeed it was not in sight until the moment of becoming The Code.

So it is no surprise to any of us if understanding how the changes in it will be worked is not yet extant.

In my discussions with the FSA, the BBA and the OFT – I have not attempted to ask the FOS yet – I have asked the following questions and made the following points.

1. How will the mental health section, pars 173-183, which is entirely new and very important for affected debtors, apply to existing cases

2. It seems likely that a court would interpret its application to an existing collection at any point of change; but what would be the relevant criteria for ‘change’?

3. Where a complaint has reached final response and is then either on its way to or with the FOS how does the FOS utilise pars 173 to 183. There are many ways to do this, including returning the complaint to the creditor or agent with instructions to reconsider it in light of the new pars.

4. In par 183 reference is made to the MALG advice of 2007 as further guidelines, virtually bringing the whole of them in to the code. These are about all vulnerable debtors ]probably including borrowers whether in financial difficulties or not. As this ties in firmly to the CPRs on vulnerable customers, adding a definition in part, to what extent are all vulnerable debtors assisted by the new paragraphs.

5. As the OFT is the enforcing agency, the FOS, and all debtors and their advisors, will need to know your position on them. Will you advise when the necessary advice is issued, and give details of that advice?

I would point out that the creditors, as large and powerful institutions and with various industry bodies, lobby intensively both on legislation, rules and codes, as well as interpretations. While there are seriously over-stretched charities who represent debtors they either do not specialise or are not big enough to offer a strong countering voice in this area.

6. The voice of the actual debtor is simply not heard and his lobby is weak. Even the ombudsman, the FOS, is actually funded by the industry, and its influence is very clear in process.

7. Through the credit licences the OFT has considerable power to ensure better observance of rules and a more balanced judgement by the FOS; yet from the debtor’s point of view that power is used very lightly.

8. The OFT is the body upon which the debtor must rely to make sure the rules there are effective. This is a matter I will return to.

Joseph Harris, Debt Control Man
Author: Control Your Debt Crisis on Your Own Terms


New Lending Code Overview

November 4, 2009

I am not used to eating my words, but this may be the occasion. Fortunately the matter is one that has not just my approval, but is a demand of mine.

The new code has taken on board the advice of the MALG forum on mental health issues and debt. For me this makes the new version a cause for celebration.

Because it is rather hidden away my first glance did not take it in. But the lay out of the pdf of The Lending Code is, in fact, very well designed and does make it easier than usual to find one’s way about.

So congratulations Paul Ross, who is in charge of the code for the British Banking Association. This is a success.

Make the most of this praise ;-), there is unlikely to be any more!

I need time to evaluate the content, of course. I will have to take some pretty small bites and chew hard, so there is no option but to write many blogs to give you the information you need.

Next blog will look carefully at the entries on the mental health advice to creditors, and I will try to give a good overview followed by detailed discussion of the effects of the different paragraphs.

But this inclusion has certainly cheered me.

Of course I do take credit for its inclusion. Don’t laugh.

When I spoke to Paul Ross on the phone I July I did try to impress on him how important it was, and that the information needed had been published by the Money Advice Trust in the 2007 review of the Banking Code. the impression I got from him was that there was no way he would include it.

I wrote on this to him in July also. Either he was pulling my leg, which I doubt, or I did spark his thinking. And after investigation I suspect he came to the same conclusion Idid about its importance.

Well that’s my story, and I’m sticking to it ;-). Here is part of my email on July 22:

“In this I am particularly conscious of the MALG advice in 2007 – and the BBA is a member of MALG – that seems to have simply fallen by the wayside. This dealt particularly with the problems of vulnerable debtors. While the major part of the industry does seems sensitive to this anyway, there are some big players that appear not to appreciate the responsibility on them for fairness in these areas.

“I also appreciate the main thrust may be to ensure the new wording equates to the old, but it might be a useful move for the BBA to indicate at least the new broad heads to enable early thought by the multiple users of the code regarding the changes they will all have to make in their references.

“November 1 is very near in practical terms, only three months away. Any early information on the change would be much appreciated by all users.”

Joseph Harris, Debt Control Man
Author: Control Your Debt Crisis On Your Own Terms

Banking Code Changes Update

July 27, 2009

In trying to sort the changes out, particularly in how they affect defaulting debtors, I have been led a merry dance.

I think I have emailed or phoned or both, almost every player in this game of musical chairs.

Finally I remembered that the last time I needed to make sense of this area I got sense from the Banking Code Standards Board. So my thanks to them once again.

I have since spoken to others to try to get detail of how exactly the changes will take effect from November 1. That is pretty close for all those who will be affected, especially the helping organsiations like the CABs and Law Centres.

It seems that while most of the Banking Code disappears into the winding corridors of the Financial Services Authority, the parts dealing with lending move to the Office of Fair Trading – except they don’t.

The wording of the new Lending Code [possibly that is the title] is to be managed by the British Banking Association, which has always done it, and it will be monitored by the Standards Board, which has always done that!

And the OFT will, er, enforce fair treatment, and it has always done that!

So welcome to the new-old, different and unchanged system.

Well the changes have to be re-written, but it seems there will be little time for picking up any errors in wording or possible interpretation. And I understand nothing new will go in before 2011.

Not the advice of the Treasury Committee of 2005, nor that from the Money Advice Trust on behalf of MALG in 2007 – nor anyting else.

Well nothing of help to debtors, anyway.

Let you know what more comes to light.

Joseph Harris
Debt Control Man

New Banking Code?

June 24, 2009

I assumed that the take over of the Banking Code by the Financial Services Authority (FSA) is going to make a much more useful regime, from the point of view of the debtor.

Now I am far less certain.

Catching up on material like the comments to the last review of the code, and comments on the FSA proposals, I find that the FSA proposals appear to change from the rule approach to a ‘principles-based’ one.

Now your guess is as good as mine as to what that means. Next month the FSA is to publish its proposals – for adoption in November. Do keep an eye open for these proposals.

The Citizen’s Advice Bureaux (CAB), for example, expresses great concern about the proposed changed of style and the fact that the enforcement will be even less than the limp penalties under the British Banking Association (BBA) regime.

CAB points out that the very ones who are most likely to suffer are the vulnerable, the very ones that any system of regulation is most vital to. And, boy!, what grand quagmires lie ahead for interpretation of principles.

The ordinary debtor already faces a seriously uphill struggle. The information most needed is obscure, the area is one they are not familiar with, and they face trained and professional takers backed by massive organisations who wear their legal departments like the six guns of a ‘black hat’ in western films.

The FSA, the FOS and the OFT are all supposed to be making that ‘playing field’ more level and refereed. With this change in prospect my fear is that the field will turn into a blood bath of the innocent. Just like Peterloo.

[Peterloo happened shortly after the Battle of Waterloo and named as a disgraceful mirror of that greatness. It happened on St Peter’s Field near Manchester in 1819. This peaceful meeting was demanding the reform of the parliamentary system – déjà vu!

The crowd of over 60,000 unarmed civilians was charged by cavalry. The whole history of the period was one of the two Britains; that of the industrial and agricultural owners and that of the ordinary people. At least Peterloo shamed the political leadership and reforms followed.

The great 1832 Reform Act was one and the introduction of a civilian police force another. The latter unarmed in response to the shame of Peterloo.]

Joseph Harris
Debt Control Man